People arriving in the UK between 1948 and 1971 from Caribbean countries have been labelled the Windrush generation.
It refers to the ship MV Empire Windrush, which docked in Tilbury on 22 June 1948, bringing workers from Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and other islands, to help fill post-war UK labour shortages.
The ship carried 492 passengers – many of them children.
A Caribbean woman whose Windrush father served in Royal Air Force (RAF) for years has been forced to shell out thousands of pounds to remain in UK due to what lawyers term “discriminatory” British nationality laws.
Sharon Vitalis, 48, who worked for the NHS for more than 15 years, has been refused status under the Windrush Scheme on the basis that she was born in Germany while her father was deployed in the country.
Her five siblings, all of whom were born in the UK, were British by birth.
Ms Vitalis, whose family moved back to the UK months after she was born, has twice been threatened with deportation and is now having to pay around £3,000 every three years to remain in the country with her two children and the rest of their relatives.
Lawyers say her Windrush case was refused on the basis of “needlessly complex” and “discriminatory” elements of British nationality law.
The British Home Office has proposed to rectify this in its new Nationality and Borders Bill, which was laid in Parliament last week, but it is not clear when – or whether – this will be passed.
Ms Vitalis lived in Britain until the age of six, when she moved to the Caribbean with her mother and siblings to go to school there. She returned when she was in her early 20s and began working as a nurse.
She faced no problems for 17 years, during which she gave birth to a daughter in 1999 and a son in 2005. Her partner later moved to the US after the couple split.
In 2013, when Ms Vitalis went to collect her daughter from Gatwick Airport after a spell living with her father, she was stopped by immigration officials and told she was liable for deportation, before being taken to a detention centre.
She was released shortly after, but she was issued deportation proceedings and was therefore dismissed from her NHS job.
She successfully appealed her removal but was issued deportation orders again in 2017, at which point The Independent covered her case and the Home Office later revoked her removal.
When the Windrush Scheme opened, Ms Vitalis had been hopeful that it would enable her to obtain British citizenship, but her application was refused in January 2019 and again in February 2021.
The Home Office said she was not eligible for British citizenship because she was born outside the UK.
Her children, now aged 22 and 15, were both born in the UK but do not have UK status on the basis of Ms Vitalis’s lack of citizenship – meaning they are currently unable to travel or go to university.
Rejecting the prospect of leaving the UK, she said: “We’re not going anywhere. We have no family back in the Caribbean. Everyone is here.
“My dad was in the Air Force for 13 years. He was the only Black person in his battalion. For me to be going through all of this 48 years later – it’s an insult to his service. He must be turning in his grave.”
In the Nationality and Borders Bill, the Home Office has proposed adding flexibility to nationality law so that caseworkers can use discretion to register an adult as a British citizen in certain compelling cases.
Jacqueline McKenzie, of McKenzie Beute and Pope, said this would help people like Ms Vitalis to become British citizens, describing UK nationality law as “needlessly complex and in many instances, discriminatory and often illogical”.